Thursday, April 7, 2016

Transport Workers Group Points Out Shipping Flags of Convenience Parallel Tax Evasion

Panama Papers Reveal Overseas Registries Sited in Many Financial Havens
Shipping News Feature
WORLDWIDE – The repercussions from the exposure of millions of documents known as ‘The Panama Papers’ which reveal the details of billions of pounds invested offshore in anonymous trusts for the purpose of tax avoidance and evasion, are destined to reverberate through the commercial and political worlds for some time to come. Having already accounted for the career of the Icelandic Prime Minister we can undoubtedly look forward to more falls from grace for a while yet and now the International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF) has pointed out an interesting aside which impinges on the world of shipping and logistics.

The ITF says it hopes that the exposure will lead to a change in the current climate of tacit approval for this kind of socially damaging behaviour and observes how many of the tax havens conducting this shabby business are also centres for Flags of Convenience. General secretary Stephen Cotton observed:

"Money laundering, terrorist financing and tax evasion are all clearly unacceptable practices and at odds with the global union movement’s social and economic justice agenda that we at the ITF promote through our work with transport unions around the globe. Equally of concern to us is large-scale corporate tax avoidance that directly impacts on public investment and essential services.

"Much of this activity has been allowed to go on in plain sight with minimal steps being taken to hold companies or individuals to account. It is right that the sheer volume of the crisis and the impact of these widespread financial abuses have been put into the public arena. It is time to take the kind of definitive action the ITF has been involved in for years to stem this corporate greed.

"Take our flags of convenience (FOC) campaign launched in 1948. Registering a ship under an FOC, where a vessel is owned in one country and flagged in another, is also a system of tax avoidance. As an FOC flag, the largest in the world, Panama is essentially a tax haven like many of the UK territories that have been mentioned in these papers. And who pays the price? Seafarers, who are subject to poor conditions and lower wages because they’re at the mercy of a system that allows for minimal regulation and the acquisition of cheap labour.

"The ITF believes there should be a 'genuine link' between the real owner of a vessel and the flag the vessel flies, in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). FOC registries make it more difficult for unions, industry stakeholders and the public to hold ship owners to account.

"In many cases, the registries themselves are not even run from the country of the flag. Some FOC shipping registers are franchised out to foreign companies and are also corporate registers. The Liberian Registry, the second largest in the world, is administered by the Liberian International Ship and Corporate Registry (LISCR), [yet] is a wholly US owned and operated company.

“The ITF’s campaign, compelling owners of FOC flagged vessels to sign agreements which guarantee certain terms and working conditions for crew and policing these through a network of inspectors, is the only thing that goes some way to redress the balance of the FOC tax avoidance scheme, and to recognise the human cost it has.”

ITF president Paddy Crumlin was also outspoken on the revelations pointing out that the ITF’s report last year on the affairs of oil and gas multinational Chevron, which it says operates complex profit shifting and tax avoidance schemes to the detriment of the Australian economy. He concluded:

"The kinds of deliberate and extreme incidences of tax avoidance being run from Panama are examples of the way corporate power avoids its obligations to society, communities and workers. We’re pleased that these incidences are now being taken up more widely in a public arena so that they can be properly investigated and we hope to see action taken against those who have disregarded their responsibilities in the name of profit.”