Thursday, May 20, 2021

Rural Environments Set Different Logistical Challenges as Carbon Net Zero Approaches

Danger of Being Left Behind as Electrification Becomes the Norm
Shipping News Feature

UK – With the release of its latest report, ‘The challenge of future carbon and emissions reduction for rural communities’, the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport (CILT) has warned that a one-size-fits-all approach to net zero carbon emissions is likely to have disproportionate societal effects on already challenged rural communities.

The report, which looks into the government's policy to prevent the sale of internal-combustion-powered private cars and light vans by 2030, as well as considering freight and logistics need to feature in a low-carbon rural setting, states that rural communities may be left behind if consideration is not given to these areas on the road to net zero carbon.

The paper discusses what makes the rural environment unique, warning it requires different consideration in policy-making. For example the population profile of any rural environment is very different from an urban profile, and combined with the remoteness of some areas this makes the economics of transport very different from urban settings. This in turn makes decarbonisation a potentially different challenge to face.

The rural economy contributes £261 billion, more than a third of that of urban conurbations, but from only 17% of the population. As a result, there is a risk that evolving policy options for emission reductions neglect the important role rural communities play in our economy, society and indeed the delivery of the Road to Zero objectives. Morag Robertson, Committee Member, Freight and Logistics Policy Group, CILT(UK), and co-author of the report, said:

”The economics of transport in rural areas is very different from urban settings. This in turn makes decarbonisation a potentially different challenge to face. This report notes the differences between rural and urban travel patterns, community and rural business needs and the nuances of public transport in rural areas. The economic role of the rural economy is significant and presents real opportunities to support the government’s drive to decarbonisation.”

The report highlights a number of challenges and opportunities for the logistics and transport sector in rural areas to play its part in the government’s road to net zero carbon by 2035, these include:

  • In rural areas, rail and bus operations can be difficult to economically stack up, and so rural locations may be more suited to on-demand services.
  • Linking shared services alongside electric infrastructure support could allow for better connectivity to health, education and employment at a lower environmental cost.
  • Sectors such as farming and mineral extraction provide specific decarbonisation challenges and opportunities:
    • Agriculture could present opportunities for farm operations that could combine cleaner energy generation to transport fuel.
    • Mineral extraction in rural areas can be ideal for rail freight to provide part of the transport solution.
  • Vans have of late been an increasing feature of online deliveries and are also traditionally used for servicing and other businesses. There are decarbonisation opportunities with widespread electrification so long as the rural infrastructure is in place.
  • In many rural areas, tourism is a major contributor to the economy. Tourist traffic has characteristics that may need different solutions. Removing traffic congestion caused by visitor travel will not only help deliver on carbon targets, but also make the area more attractive to live in, work in and visit. Summer 2021 will be a good test of tourism-related transport as we take UK holidays instead of overseas. At the heart of successful and sustainable decarbonisation in rural areas could be mobility hubs, combining people and goods movements and driving up economics of scale.
  • The recent trends towards home working and moving out of cities may well change some of the dynamics of rural transport.

The report concludes that, in the same way that urban decarbonisation is not about one single solution, supporting rural communities to embark on process of decarbonisation will require a toolkit of options that consider the unique circumstances of the rural environment. Kevin Richardson, Chief Executive, CILT(UK), commented:

“The journey to zero will be difficult without considered communication and engagement with rural communities and businesses from government. If policies do not address the unique challenges of decarbonisation in the rural environment, there is a risk that people and business will suffer further social and economic disadvantage.”

Photo: Image courtesy of Old Haulage.