Monday, May 20, 2019

New Report on Impact of Urban Pollution Criticises Government and Health and Safety Executive

New Euro Standard HGV Diesel Engines Deemed as Worse Polluters in Some Respects
Shipping News Feature
UK – The British Safety Council (BSC), an organisation dedicated to protecting workers from accidents, hazards and unsafe conditions since 1957, has launched a report on the 'Impact of air pollution on the health of outdoor workers' which it says provides compelling evidence to recognise ambient air pollution as an occupational health hazard in Britain. The report is particularly relevant to the logistics sector given the amount of airborne pollution from vehicles, including HGVs and others involved in urban road haulage activities.

The report states that with road transport producing the largest volume of nitrogen oxides (NOx) the new generation diesel engines manufactured to Euro standards are actually likely to be more polluting in this respect and, whilst they emit significantly less elemental carbon, more organic carbon and nitrogen sulphate, as well as NOx, is also likely to result. The study further observes that ‘Lung toxicity of newest technology diesel engine exhaust ‘results primarily from NO2* exposure’

In the report, the charity presents the demands that spearhead its campaign to limit the dangers of air pollution to the health of outdoor workers. Air pollution, linked with up to 36,000 early deaths a year in the UK, is considered the biggest environmental risk to public health. Research from King’s College London suggests that more than 9,400 people die prematurely due to poor air quality in London alone. Ambient air pollution is linked to cancer, lung and heart disease, type-2 diabetes, infertility and early dementia.

Several pilot schemes are beginning to monitor and measure the levels of air pollution experienced by people working and living in London. Their findings will be instrumental in developing recommendations for reducing people’s exposure to air pollution in the capital. However, at the same time, the BSC says the government and regulatory bodies such as the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), continue to demonstrate a lack of interest in relation to regulation and guidance on air pollution.

In March 2019, the British Safety Council launched its ‘Time to Breathe’ campaign, which is focused on the protection of outdoor workers from air pollution. The cornerstone of the campaign is Canairy, the first mobile app that gives outdoor workers and their employers insights into pollution and how to reduce staff exposure to it. It has been created in co-operation with King’s College London.

Canairy draws on the London Air Quality Network (LAQN) pollution map at King’s and the worker’s GPS to calculate an individual’s exposure to pollution on an hourly basis and this latest report is the next step in the campaign. It gathers available evidence about the causes and consequences of air pollution in Britain. It also reviews international examples of initiatives set up to measure air pollution in different locations and their recommendations for risk reduction. In the report the British Safety Council is calling for:

  • The UK to adopt the World Health Organisation’s exposure limits for the main pollutants
  • Government action to ensure ambient air pollution is treated as an occupational health issue and adopt a Workplace Exposure Limit for Diesel Engine Exhaust Emissions (DEEE)
  • Improvements to pollution monitoring across the UK, so that all regions can have the same accuracy in emissions data as London
  • Recognition that protection from the dangers of air pollution should be enshrined in law as a human right

The British Safety Council is urging everyone to write to their MPs to request that the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) and the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) do more to protect outdoor workers from the dangers of ambient air pollution. Lawrence Waterman, Chairman of the British Safety Council, said:

“The impact of air pollution on people working in large cities is starting to be recognised as a major public health risk. However, we are yet to see any true commitment to addressing this issue by the government and the regulators.

“The Time to Breathe campaign, together with our recent report, is a call to action for policymakers, regulators and industry leaders. The social and economic implications of ambient air pollution are clear. It must be recognised as an occupational health hazard, much like some toxic substances such as asbestos. Breathing clean air is not a privilege but a basic human right for the thousands of people who are undertaking vital work outdoors.”

For those who wish to support the BSC Campaign it has published a letter template which can be downloaded here for forwarding to an MP.

* Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) are the sum of Nitric Oxide (NO) and Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) of which NO2 is deemed to be the most harmful constituent.