Tuesday, July 21, 2020

Another International Port Prepares to Deliver Clean Electrical Power to Ships Berthed There

EU Directive Mandates Work as a Priority
Shipping News Feature

SPAIN – The Port of Valencia is celebrating after the European Commission's Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) Committee approved aid for two projects aimed at speeding the electrification systems to connect vessels to the grid, thereby cutting pollution from unnecessary use of fuel whilst in port.

The projects were drafted by the Port Authority of Valencia (PAV) and the Valencia Port Foundation, the first being the Global EALING Project (European flagship Action for cold ironing in ports) which expresses the need to accelerate efforts to tackle climate change, improve the security and performance of ports, contribute to the transition to cleaner energy for maritime transport services provided in port areas and meet the new conditions arising from electrification.

The project will focus on carrying out the necessary studies to meet the need to build new OPS (Onshore Power Supply) infrastructure or upgrade existing infrastructure in participating ports in line with the implementation of land-based electricity use in TEN-T core network ports and other ports by the end of 2025, and on preparing the final documentation for the tenders, so that work can start after the completion of the necessary studies for each participating port.

The objective of the second of the projects, ‘EALINGWorks Valenciaport: Preparation of the electrical grid of the Port of Valencia for Onshore Powel Supply’, is to prepare the port’s electrical grid for the supply of OPS to container ships, ferries and cruise ships in the new terminals of the Port of Valencia, without which the switch to cold ironing would not be possible as the electrical upgrade is a key part of the whole.

Currently, the Port of Valencia receives medium voltage electricity (20kV) from three different high and medium voltage electrical substations. The use of 20kV combined with the security of supply requirements in the ports means that the maximum amount of energy to be demanded from the general network for non-instantaneous use must not exceed 13 MW.

The average total power demand in the port falls around 7 MW, with demands of around 10 MW being very common. Considering the current characteristics of the port’s power grid, it is not realistic to consider an OPS at the docks of the Port of Valencia, unless the power grid is improved as intended.

Under EU Directive 2014/94/EU it is a priority that ports in the TEN-T central network, and other similar facilities, ensure that an inland electricity supply will be installed and working by 31 December 2025 at the latest, unless there is no demand and the costs are disproportionate to the benefits, including environmental ones.

Photo: Courtesy of Port of Valencia.