Wednesday, June 10, 2015

Air Freight Carriers Must Adhere to Guidelines to Reduce Illicit Endangered Wildlife Trade

Agreement Signed on Behalf of Airlines to Tighten Up on Smuggling Rare Species and Their Products
Shipping News Feature

WORLDWIDE - The International Air Transport Association (IATA) and the Secretariat of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) have recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to cooperate on reducing illegal trade in wildlife and their products, as well as on ensuring the safe and secure transport of legally traded wildlife. Over recent years, there has been a surge in the illegal trade of wildlife and their products such as elephant ivory, rhino horn, bush meat and rare timbers and plants and plant products, with many smugglers misusing the complex international aviation system to evade customs and other enforcement agencies, despite the efforts of air freight carriers to detect illicit dealings.

These evil trades present a real threat to thousands of endangered species which, once gone, can never be replaced. Under this MoU, IATA and CITES will have a formal framework for their ongoing cooperation on the implementation of standards and best practices such as the IATA Live Animals Regulations, the IATA Perishable Cargo Regulations, and the CITES Guidelines for the Non-Air Transport of Live Wild Animals and Plants. They will also support joint training and communications activities.

CITES is a legally-binding agreement with 181 States-Parties, setting the rules for international wildlife trade in more than 35,000 species of animals and plants and Tony Tyler, IATA’s Director General and CEO was emphatic in his criticism of the criminals, saying:

“CITES and IATA have long cooperated to ensure that legitimately-traded animals and plants are carried as safely and comfortably as possible. This MoU formalises our work programmes, the responsibility for enforcement of the rules governing international wildlife trade is clearly with governments but well-trained airline staff can be an invaluable source of information on suspicious passenger behaviour and unusual shipments. Airlines are good corporate citizens, our collaboration with CITES will help the industry to play a role in stopping the terrible scourge of illegal trade in wildlife that threatens some of the most precious animal and plant life on our planet.”

The announcement of the MoU was made during the IATA Annual General Meeting and John E Scanlon, the Secretary-General of CITES, who addressed the meeting, added:

“We live in an interconnected world where the great benefits of global air transport are also being abused by criminals to transport illegally traded wildlife. IATA and its member airlines can play a critical role in assisting customs and other enforcement agencies by gathering valuable intelligence of suspicious activities and raising awareness among customers, passengers, and staff of the devastating impacts of this illegal trade. Today we are confronted by transnational organized criminals, and in some cases rebel militia and rouge elements of the military, which are driving industrial scale poaching and illegal trade for illicit off shore markets.

“The profound impact this poaching and illegal trade is having upon entire species and ecosystems and the services they provide, local peoples and their livelihoods, national economies, and national and regional security is now increasingly well recognized. We warmly welcome the strengthening of our collaboration with IATA to address guidelines and standards for legal trade and to now extend our collaboration to combatting illegal trade in wildlife.”

Photo: The snow leopard, the National Heritage Animal of Pakistan is down to around a thousand or so potential breeding pairs in the wild.